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Breast Lump (Breast Mass)

More than 90% of the breast lumps that you could feel are not cancer, and they occur at any age in women and men, but you do not need to worry about.

Meaning that lumps may have a soft or rubbery firm, and can appear as single or multiple breast lumps that may be large or small, according to the type of the lump.

What Is A Breast Lump?

A breast lump is a swelling, outgrowth, or protrusion in the breast.

Both women and men have breast tissues. Any normal tissue may respond to changes in hormone levels, leading to breast lumps, breast lumps are benign particularly in women under 40 years.

What Causes A Breast Lump?

The lumps may come and go depending on hormone levels. Breast lumps can also signal both benign (noncancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors of the breast.

Symptoms That Might Indicate A Serious Condition

In some cases, breast lump occurs with other symptoms that might indicate a serious condition, such as breast cancer, that warrants prompt medical care.
You should get a prompt medical care if you have a breast lump a long with other serious symptoms including:

  • Bone pain
  • Changes to the nipple including retraction or turning inward
  • Changes in skin appearance such as redness or ulcers
  • Lump in the armpit
  • Nipple discharge including blood and pus
  • Painless lump with an irregular border
  • Unexpected change in breast size

Feeling A Lump In The Breast?

There is a large number of breast masses. They differ in how the cells develop and spread according to the lump’s condition.
What A Breast Lump Might Be?

  • Normal Nodularity
  • Prominent Fat Lobule
  • Prominent Rib
  • Intramammary Lymph Node
  • Fibroadenoma
  • Cyclical Nodularity
  • Cyst
  • Galactocele
  • Stromal Fibrosis
  • Abscess
  • Chronic Infection
  • Fat Necrosis
  • Duct Papilloma
  • Giant Fibroadenoma
  • Lipoma
  • Fibrocystic Changes
  • Phyllodes tumor
  • Carcinoma in situ

  • Usual breast cancer
  • Other types of breast cancers
  • Papilloma
  • Leiomyoma
  • Retention cyst
  • Sebaceous Cyst
  • Hidradenitis
  • Skin tumors

Common Benign Breast Lumps

Fibroadenoma and Cysts are the most common types of benign breast lumps.

Fibroadenoma (breast mouse)
One of the most common breast conditions usually appears in young women.
It has a rubbery firm, smooth and very mobile, as well they may be single or multiple in one or both breasts.

The cause of Fibroadenoma could be due to unusual response of the breast lobule to estrogen, and it increases during pregnancy.

Ultrasound breast screening is very useful to diagnose both Fibroadenoma and Cysts. Then small Fibroadenomas can be treated conservatively, but large Fibroadenomas are better to be removed surgically.
While new Fibroadenomas could appear after the surgery, r
outine excision is no longer appropriate unless it reaches 4 CM.