Breast cancer occurs when cells in the breast divide and grow without their normal control, and it is the disease many women fear the most.
Breast cancer usually presents itself as a breast lump, its growth and spread is often fueled by normal healthy chemicals of the body, like estrogen, progesterone, and the HER2/neu gene (a growth hormone).
Even though each of these three bodily chemicals can serve an important healthy function, when a cell becomes cancerous these chemicals can accelerate the growth of breast cancer tumors.
Many factors are linked to breast cancer risk. Some risk factors you can’t change, for example, the two most common risk factors for breast cancer, being a woman and getting older, are not things you can change. Other factors you may be able to control, for example, leading a healthy lifestyle may help lower your chances of getting a breast cancer.
Here are the most important factors that are linked to breast cancer:
– Age at first period
– Age at menopause
– Blood estrogen levels
– Physical Activities
– Family history
– Personal history of breast cancer or other cancers
In most cases, the first sign of breast cancer is a new lump or mass in the breast that you or your doctor can feel. A lump that is painless, hard, and has uneven edges is more likely to be cancer. But sometimes cancers can be tender, soft, and rounded. So it is important to mention any unusual change in your breasts to your doctor. To perform your breast self-examination, please check our Breast Self Examination section.
The following unusual changes in the breast can be a symptom of breast cancer:
– Nipple pain or the nipple turning inward
– Redness or thickening of the nipple or breast skin
– A lump in the armpit
– Painless lump with an irregular border
– Unexpected change in breast size
Start your checkup by booking your ultrasound appointment at Shaban Breast Clinic.